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Sunday, November 27, 2011

Islamic New Year - Maal Hijrah and Karbala











Maal Hijrah, which is also called Awal Muharram, is an important day for Muslims.
The Hijri New Year, also known as Islamic new year (Arabic: رأس السنة الهجرية‎ Ras as-Sanah al-Hijriyah) is the day that marks the beginning of a new Islamic calendar year, and is the day on which the year count is incremented. The first day of the year is observed on the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar.

The meaning of Maal Hijrah in English is migration. On this day, Muslim remember Prophet Muhammad S.A.W migrate from Mecca to Madinah on the year 622 A.D. Besides, Maal Hijrah also mean changes from bad to good and a starting point to evaluate inner-self on self achievement.

Awal means beginning in English and Muharram is the first month of muslim calender. In another words, this is the first day in Muslim calendar. Therefore, this is also the new year for all Muslims.

This day has became an important religious day for all Muslims. All the mosque will have sholat sunat and fasting.

 
Islamic Year
Gregorian Date

1426 AH
10 February 2005

1427 AH
31 January 2006

1428 AH
20 January 2007

1429 AH
10 January 2008

1430 AH
29 December 2008

1431 AH
18 December 2009

1432 AH
7 December 2010

1433 AH
26 November 2011

1434 AH
14 November 2012

1435 AH
3 November 2013




The event also commemorates the death of Prophet Mohammed’s grandson Imam Hussein who, along with his family and followers, was killed in the battle of Karbala in 680 which took place on the tenth day of the month of Muharram.









The Shia Muslims celebrate the day with public enactments of grief while the Sunni Muslims celebrate the occasion on a quieter note with silent offerings to Imam Hussain





KARBALA

It is a place...
Where blood will continue to sink.
This low, consciences are peace
In the word of truth of a Holy woman,...
In these calls to the resistance.

It is a place…
Where bitter tears will cease flowing,
Nice family of our Holy Prophet.

It is a place…
Where a man was loosely decapitated and trampled.
He,... pure light and soft reality.

Since this, there is more here and more than elsewhere.
And all men, pilgrims of the cause,
Find the strength to confront in dignity,
The misery and road to Perdition.

On this road, dotted with jasmine and cries of pain,
To the rhythm of true love and enhanced friendship,.
A man sacrificed himself for the cause of humanity,
In the pure spiritual realities which sacralisent
The speaking of acts of Justice.




Islamic calendar

The Hijri calendar , also known as the Muslim calendar or Islamic calendar , (Arabic: التقويم الهجري‎; at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری ‎ taqvim-e hejri-ye qamari; Turkish: Hicri Takvim; Urdu: اسلامی تقویم Islami taqwīm; Indonesian: Kalender Hijriah; Malay: Takwim Hijrah) is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days. It is used to date events in many Muslim countries (concurrently with the Gregorian calendar), and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic holy days and festivals. The first year was the year during which the emigration of the Islamic prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina, known as the Hijra, occurred. Each numbered year is designated either H for Hijra or AH for the Latin anno Hegirae (in the year of the Hijra).[1] The current Islamic year is 1433 AH, from approximately 26 November 2011 (evening) to 14 November 2012 (evening).

Being a purely lunar calendar, it is not synchronized with the seasons. With an annual drift of 11 or 12 days, the seasonal relation repeats about every 33 Islamic years.
 

 
Months

The Hijri months are named as follows in :

1.Muḥarram — المحرّم, "forbidden" — so called because it was unlawful (haram) to fight during this month.Muharram is the second most sacred Muslim month and includes the Day of Ashura.

2.Ṣafar — صفر, "void" — supposedly named because pagan Arabs looted during this month and left the houses empty.

3.Rabīʿ I (Rabīʿ al-Awwal) — ربيع الأوّل, "the first Spring".

4.Rabīʿ II (Rabīʿ ath-Thānī) or (Rabīʿ al-Ākhir) — ربيع الثاني or ربيع الآخر, "the second (or last) Spring".

5.Jumādā I (Jumādā al-Ūlā) — جمادى الأولى, "the first month of parched land".

6.Jumādā II (Jumādā ath-Thāniya or Jumādā al-Ākhira) — جمادى الآخرة, جمادى الثانية, "the second (or last) month of parched land".

7.Rajab — رجب, "respect" or "honor". Rajab is another of the sacred months in which fighting was traditionally forbidden.

8.Shaʿbān — شعبان, "scattered", marking the time of year when Arab tribes dispersed to find water.

9.Ramaḍān — رمضان, "scorched". Ramadan is the most venerated month of the Hijri calendar, during which Muslims fast between dawn and sunset.

10.Shawwāl — شوّال, "raised", as she-camels begin to raise their tails during this time of the year, after giving birth.

11.Dhū al-Qaʿda — ذو القعدة, "the one of truce". Dhu al-Qa'da was another month during which war was banned.

12.Dhū al-Ḥijja — ذو الحجّة, "the one of pilgrimage", referring to the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, the Hajj.

 
Muslim calendar for 2012

Saturday 4 February
Milad un Nabi (Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad)
Shia Muslims celebrate this 5 days later. Some Muslims do not approve of celebrating the birthday, and regard doing so as a religious innovation.

Thursday 9 February
Milad un Nabi (Shia)
Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad. Sunni Muslims celebrate this 5 days earlier. Some Muslims do not approve of celebrating the birthday, and regard doing so as a religious innovation.

Friday 20 July
Ramadan (start)
Ramadan is the Muslim month of fasting.

Sunday 19 August
Eid-Ul-Fitr
The end of Ramadan when Muslims celebrate the end of fasting and thank Allah for His help with their month-long act of self-control.

Friday 26 October
Eid-Ul-Adha
Festival of Sacrifice marking the day after Arafat. The Day of Arafat is the most important day in the Hajj ritual. This is a four day holiday

Thursday 15 November
Al-Hijira
Islamic New Year. Marks the migration of the Prophet Mohammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina

Saturday 24 November
Ashura
Islamic holy day observed on the 10th of the Islamic month of Muharram. Shi'ite Muslims regard it as a major festival marking the martydom of the Prophet's grandson, Hussein..

 


Salam Maal Hijrah !!!
 to all Muslims world wide. May all be bless with Allah’s countless bounties, a fruitful and peaceful year ahead! Ameen.

Solawat!!!

1 comment:

  1. What a good blog you have here. Please update it more often. This topics is my interest. Thank you. . .
    Javed Ahmad Ghamidi

    ReplyDelete